Constant itching, reddish patches, scaling and even blisters: many handlers have come across these signs while caring for their dogs and have discovered that they are symptoms of something called canine dermatitis. But what exactly is it?
Canine dermatitis is not exactly the symptom of a single disease, but rather an inflammation that can be caused by several infections or autoimmune responses, which further complicates its treatment, as it is not always easy to identify the causative agent of the symptoms.
In this article, we’ll better explain what canine dermatitis is, what the main symptoms are, what can cause this condition, and how to proceed when it is detected. Good reading!
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What It’s canine dermatitis?
The term dermatitis is used to describe a type of skin inflammation, whose main symptoms are red spots, scaling and itching. Dandruff, a relatively common disease in humans, for example, is a type of dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis.
In dogs, the term canine dermatitis is used to describe the set of symptoms of skin inflammation and it may or may not be associated with another disease. Scabies, for example, which is caused by the action of parasitic mites, causes canine dermatitis, in addition to other more serious symptoms.
How to detect canine dermatitis?
Attentive tutors will soon notice canine dermatitis in their canine friends. In addition to the clear visual symptoms, such as the aforementioned spots and desquamation, the inflammation induces an excessive itching that can be easily noticed by those who accompany the animal every day.
Other behavioral changes that can be noticed are insistent licking in affected places, such as the paws, which are also a form of itching relief. Some dogs can go to the extreme of rubbing themselves against rough objects to scratch themselves, which can cause injuries and make the situation even worse.
Depending on the cause, the tutor’s watchful eye may also notice some alopecia in the dog, which is the sudden shedding of hair and sometimes even small pustules, which are elevations on the skin with purulent fluid, that is, with an appearance similar to pimples.
Canine dermatitis is not normally a condition that requires urgent care, but when it is noticed by the tutor, the most astute thing is to take the friend of four ducks as soon as possible to a veterinarian, who can make a careful diagnosis, investigate the causes. symptoms and start treatment.
What can cause canine dermatitis?
There are numerous causative agents of canine dermatitis, but they can be divided into five major groups: infections, toxics, allergies, hormones, and autoimmune responses. The first include fungi, viruses, insects, bacteria and any other type of life that attacks the dog, causing as a consequence a disease associated with inflammation.
Even flea, tick and mosquito bites can trigger canine dermatitis, sometimes even triggering an allergy.
Dermatitis caused by toxic products, on the other hand, occurs when the dog’s skin comes into direct contact with the substance, which directly causes skin lesions. It is not the same thing as allergic dermatitis, which are “exaggerated” responses of the body’s immune system to substances such as pollen, shampoo components, food, etc.
Some dermatitis can happen as a result of hormonal disturbances, such as Cushing’s syndrome, but they are rare. Finally, there are dermatitis that are caused by autoimmune responses, which are when the immune system attacks a part of the body itself.
Allergic dermatitis and those caused by flea bites are the most common. And within allergics, a relatively common type is called atopic dermatitis, which is a chronic disease in which symptoms are triggered by skin contact with various environmental elements, sometimes undefined.
As is clear, canine dermatitis can have very different causes and diagnosis is complex even for specialists. The tutor’s duty is to notice the symptoms as early as possible and ensure that your friend gets prompt and adequate treatment.