Contrary to what many people think, the colder seasons of the year can also affect the health and welfare of animals. Although many pets feel less uncomfortable and more willing with low temperatures, it is still necessary to take care of dogs and cats in winter.
This is because, in most regions of the country, icy winds and low temperatures increase the risk of contracting influenza, canine infectious tracheobronchitis (kennel cough), among other diseases. This is probably due to stress generated, which causes a drop in immunity and thus they get sick. Elderly animals and puppies they are the most susceptible, but that does not mean that others should not receive attention.
After all, what care are these? What do you need to do for dogs and cats to make them more protected and comfortable during autumn and winter? See the tips we’ve separated for you!
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Reduce the frequency of baths
Decrease the frequency of baths so that your pet is not exposed to thermal shocks, or lose the natural protection of your skin. And if you need to bathe don’t forget: water must be lukewarm, and you must dry it very well to avoid spread of fungi and other parasites in the damp hair.
After bathing, only let him out on the street after at least 30 minutes and, on the coldest days, try not to wet the pet. You can also alternate traditional baths with dry baths – there are specific products for this in pet stores.
The practice of daily brushing is a great option to reduce the number of baths, since it helps in cleaning the fur by removing dirt and adhered dead hair, giving it an aspect of shine and softness, in addition to the affection promoted to the animal. Cats also love to be brushed!
Be careful with the grooming
Hair is the natural protection of dogs in winter. In breeds adapted to low temperatures, the coat changes a little, gaining a thick layer of fine, feathery hair close to the skin. Whatever the breed of your pet, avoid very short grooming, preferring only to trim the ends of the hair.
Tips for sleeping
Although we may be surprised, many dogs feel quite comfortable in the open, such as the Border Collie, Ovelheiro Gaúcho and other breeds adapted to winter. Even so, if you take care of a pet that is on the street, always provide a dry, warm shelter for him.
The houses should be in the opposite direction to the wind currents, and you can increase the comfort of your pet with blankets, blankets and mattresses or pillows, easily found in pet stores or even in conventional stores. This tip also applies to those who sleep inside the house.
Keep vaccination up to date
Keeping vaccination up to date is essential to ensure the health of pets in winter. Vaccines protect them from various pathogens, which are highly contagious and cause disease potentially fatal or that leave sequelae.
In colder seasons, avoid places with crowds of animals. To daily walk, try to go out in the most sunny hours.
Encourage physical exercise
Like us, pets are also lazier in winter and it is quite possible that they spend almost all day on the walk or in the house. However, it is important that you encourage the pet to exercise to maintain health, fitness and, of course, keep warm.
For those pets that don’t really like to leave the house on cold days, use and abuse the toys indoors.
Put clothes on the pet
Pet clothes are more than just whims of tutors. To the small dogs, short-haired or not adapted to winter, they are a great way to keep them warm. Cats also need protection from the cold, and outfits can be great allies when it comes to heating up your pussy.
Just be careful when choosing the fabric of the garment, as some pets may develop allergies to wool and synthetic fabrics, for example. If so, look for cotton or soft ones, which can cause less irritationtions.
Pay attention to food
Care with food should be throughout the year. However, in the colder seasons, some people think that it is necessary to increase the amount of feed, under the justification that animals need more calories to keep warm. This is correct because dogs also need to maintain body temperature, thus they spend more energy and need a greater food intake, inversely proportional to the ambient temperature.
However, winter in most Brazilian regions is mild, minimizing this need. Avoiding overweight and obesity is important, as they are harmful to the pet, and it is essential to know how much the pet should eat to keep your body balanced. The secret is to offer a quality food, ever.
Okay, now you know how to take care of your pet in the winter! Remember to always be attentive to their behavior and, any changes, try to understand what is going on or look for the Vof your trust.
Did you like our tips for taking good care of your pet? So, know, now, what is pet care and what are the benefits for your pet!